Saturday, April 29, 2006

Books

Books
WORLD CONSTITUTIOANALISM
New Book to be Released In June 2006

Interested publishers/distributors may contact ismilda@sify.com

Objectives of the Book
To motivate a debate on world order.
To conceive a design for world order under the label of World Constitutionalism.
To advocate the development of World Constitutionalism as an academic subject.
To develop jurisprudence for World Constitutionalism.
To identify concepts for World Constitutionalism.
To identify values for World Constitutionalism.
To identify principles for World Constitutionalism

CONTENTS

Foreword

Acknowledgement

List of Contributors

World Constitutionalism
Dr. Carmo D’Souza

Politics of Opportunity
Hank Stone

Some Thoughts on UNESCO and Reform of the United Nations
Ian Anderson

Global Democracy or Global Enlightened Despotism?
Fernando A. Iglesias

Constitutionalism in the United States of America and Abroad
Dr. Joseph Preston Baratta

Neighborhood Discussions About Global Constitutions Might Hopefully Invent Gimmicks That Could Be Blended Into A Ratifiable Constitution For A Supra-National Federation
John R. Ewbank

Planetary Humanism
Carl Coon

A Global Social Contract: Precondition For World Democracy?
Troy Davis

Towards A Conceptual Framework to Evaluate World Parliament Proposals
Troy Davis

The Internet And The First Steps Towards A World Constitution
Otfried Schrot

World Healing
Dr. Doug. N. Everingham

The Kingdom of Bahrain: The Pearl of the Arabian Gulf.
Dr. T.R. Subramanya

Justice, Peace and Equality
Dr. Fatima Mascarenhas e Noronha

Environmental Sovereignty: Dilution of National Boundaries. A Case for World Constitution
Sairam Bhat

How World Federalism Will Likely Come Into Existence
James T. Ranney,

Has Indian Negotiating Power, To Achieve An International Order Based On Justice And The Rule Of Law, Increased Since The 1998 Nuclear Tests?
Dr. Klaus Schlichtmann

Human Rights in the Age of Globalisation: Some Thoughts
Dr.Maria-Suzette Fernandes-Dias

Looking Beyond National Boundaries in the Era of Globalisation: A Critical Analysis .
Vishwanath. M

Secularism in India, U.S.A. And United Kingdom
RANJANA FERRĂO

History of World Democracy
Kenneth Kostyo

SECTION II
SYNOPSIS OF THESIS AND BOOKS



The Politics of World Federation
Dr. Joseph Preston Baratta

The Politics of World Federation
Achievements
Dr. Joseph Preston Baratta

Asian Works on World Federalism
Dr. Joseph P. Baratta

Towards a World Constitution
Dr. Carmo D’Souza

Concepts in Law
Carmo D’Souza

One World Democracy
Jerry Tetalman
………………………………………………………………………………………………
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
………………………………………………………………………………………………
Dr. Anthony D’Souza
M.A. , LL.M., Ph.D. ( Laws). He is an employee of Nationalised Bank and Hon. Director of Ismilda Research Consultancy. He edited the book Towards a World Constitution by Carmo D’Souza (2003)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Carl Coon
The author, Carleton S. Coon, Jr., is a retired US diplomat. He was the US Ambassador to Nepal from 1981 to 1984. He is presently the Vice President of the American Humanist Association. He lives in Washigton, DC., telephone (202) 342-7503, email ccoon@mindspring.com, website at <www.progressivehumanism.com>
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Dr. Carmo D’Souza
M.Sc., B.Ed, LL.M., Ph.D.(Laws), Reader in Law at V.M. Salgaocar College of Law, Goa. Published books in Law and Fiction. Among his books on law include Legal System in Goa ( Vol. & II) (1994-95) , The Indian and Portuguese Constitutions: A Comparative Study (Vol. I) (2001), Towards a World Constitution (2003) and Concepts in Law (2004) . He is Hon. Director of Ismilda Research Constultancy.
………………………………………………………………………………………………
Dr. Doug. N. Everingham MB, BS
Doug Everingham has practised in Australia and England as a hospital and family doctor and registrar in psychiatry. He was Australian Minister for Health 1972-75, Parliamentary Adviser to the Australian UN Delegation where he spoke on apartheid in 1982, and a member of the National Consultative Committee on Arms Control and Disarmament for the Department of Foreign Affairs & Trade 1999-2000.
Address: 5 Eriboll Close, Middle Park QLD 4074, Australia.
Tel. +61 7 3376 7763. Fax +61 7 3376 0763. E-mail: doug@worldcitizen.org………………………………………………………………………………………………
Dr. Fatima Mascarenhas e Noronha
Fatima Mascarenhas e Noronha graduated in literature and philosophy. Her MA thesis concerned Creatio ex nihilo and the Principal Upanishads (1980, University of Bombay), while her doctoral thesis was Towards a Personalistic Concept of Person (1986, University of Bombay). A committed proponent of gender equity, her articles have appeared in various regional and national publications in India, while her short stories have travelled to many corners of the English-speaking world.
………………………………………………………………………………………………
Fernando A. Iglesias
Fernando A. Iglesias (48) is a Writer and Journalist specialized in the political aspects of Globalization . He holds Argentine, Spanish and Italian citizenship, a Human Rights activist against Argentine dictatorship. He is a member of the core team of the Coalition for a World Parliament and Global Democracy. He is a Graduate of the ARD program at the Universidad de Lomas de Zamora (Social Sciences University) and Graduate in Journalism (TEA). He speaks Spanish, Italian, English, French, and Portuguese. Currently he is Free-lance correspondent in Buenos Aires for Sky-TV and RAI3 (Italy). Professor at the Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad de Lomas de Zamora. Columnist for "Clarín (Ñ)", "La Nación (Enfoques)", "Diario Ciudadano", "23", "23 Internacional" and "Noticias". He has published articles in several reputed Magazines in Italy, France, Argentina, Germany , Switzerland, etc. He attended conferences and workshops on Global Democracy in several parts of the world. He has published books among them: 1. "República de la Tierra-Globalización: el fin de las Modernidades Nacionales", (Republic of Earth- Globalization: The end of National Modernities) Spanish, essay, 438 pages, 2000, published by Editorial Colihue, Buenos Aires; 2. "Twin Towers: el colapso de los estados nacionales", (Twin Towers- The collapse of National States) Spanish, essay, 200 pages, 2002, published by Edicions Bellaterra, Barcelona; 3. "Twin Towers: Collapse", in "9/11 Anthlogy-Unveiling the real terrorist mind" antologhy in English published by Xlibris, United States, with Noam Chomsky, Mumia Abu Jamal, Howard Zinn and Michael Parenti; 4. "¿Què significa hoy ser de Izquierda? – Reflexiones sobre la Democracia en los tiempos de la Globalización" (What does it mean being Leftist today? – Some reflexions on Democracy in the times of Globalization) Spanish, collection of essays, 250 pages, 2004, published by Editorial Sudamericana, Buenos Aires.
He has unpublished works including "On Democracy in the Country of World", English, collection of essays, 180 pages, 2004 and "Ten Global Laws on Globalization- a Copernican revolution in human affairs", English, essay, 522 pages, unfinished.
Defensa 1354 2º 9 (1143)
Buenos Aires Argentina, +5411-4361-7429, +54911-5509-4637
E-mail: fernandoi@ciudad.com.ar………………………………………………………………………………………………
Hank StoneHank Stone is a retired technical specialist from Xerox Corporation. He lives with his wife in Ionia, outside Rochester, NY. He is president of the Coalition for Democratic World Government (CDWG)(www.cdwg.org), and a member of several peace and environmental organizations. You are invited to visit his website at www.c-u-e.org.
………………………………………………………………………………………………
Ian Anderson
Ian Anderson retired as a Director of the of the Australian National University Centre for UNESCO from 31 December 2005 and presently continues as a Centre Visitor. He has been at the Centre since September 2000 and took over as Director since 30 October, 2001. Before joining the Centre, Mr Anderson worked in the Secretariat of the Australian National Commission for UNESCO between 1983 and 2000. He spent periods in the Secretariat as an education and then a science program officer and was for a time program coordinator, before being appointed Secretary-General of the National Commission in 1997. He retired as Secretary-General in 2000. He has qualifications in education and agricultural science.
Mr Ian AndersonT: 6125 2890E: ian.anderson@anu.edu.au
………………………………………………………………………………………………
James T. Ranney,
Semi-retired private attorney. Previously (1) solo practitioner in Missoula, Montana, specializing in employment law and class actions (1988-2002); (2) University Legal Counsel (1987-88); (3) Research Professor of Law (1977-87); and (4) Assistant District Attorney, Philadelphia (1970-1976). JD, Harvard (1969); U.Wis. B.S. (1966).
Peacework Bio:
(1) Taught "Law and World Peace" seminar (1984-86). Has read over 4,000 books on the peace issue.
(2) Founded Jeannette Rankin Peace Center (1985); Montana Lawyers for Peace (1986); and Global Constitution Forum, Inc. (2005).
(3) Contributed to wide variety of peace groups (90!)(1984-88).
(4) On boards or chaired: JRPC; MLfP; Institute for Peace Studies (Rocky Mountain College, Billings, Mont.); Congregational Church Peace Committee; Citizens for Global Solutions-Philadelphia; and Global Constitution Forum, Inc.
Publications:
PENNSYLVANIA CRIMINAL LAW AND PRACTICE (3 vols., Matthew Bender, 1990).
The Constitutionality of Drug Testing of College Athletes: A Brandeis Brief for a Narrowly Intrusive Approach, 16 J. of Coll. & Univ. Law 397 (1990).
Background Paper on AIDS: Scientific and Legal Issues, 18 Coll. Law Digest 211 (1988).
"Heritage of Our Freedoms—Milestones in Legal History" (1987)(two-hour slideshow on evolution of Western legal tradition).
Beyond "Minimal Deterrence"—an Approach Toward Nuclear Disarmament, 4 J. of World Peace 18 (1987).
The Exclusionary Rule—the Illusion vs. the Reality, 46 Mont. L. Rev. 289 (1985).
HISTORICAL AND INTELLECTUAL FOUNDATIONS OF AMERICAN LAW (1982)(co-authored with Professors Huff and Fried).
Presumptions in Criminal Cases: a New Look at an Old Problem, 43 Mont. L. Rev. 21 (1980).
The Entrapment Defense: What Hath the Model Penal Code Wrought?, 16 Duq. L. Rev. 157 (1978).
Remedies for Prejudicial Publicity: A Brief Review, 21 Vill. L. Rev. 819 (1976).
Grand Juries in Pennsylvania, 37 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 1 (1975).
Criminal Discovery in Pennsylvania, 79 Dick. L. Rev. 1 (1974).
Professional And Public-Service Associations:
President, Global Constitution Forum, Inc.
Chair, Philadelphia Chapter of Citizens for Global Solutions
Legal Consultant, United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (1995-1998).
Creator and Moderator, "Dial-a-Lawyer" TV talk-show (panels of 3 volunteer attorneys responding to questions from general public)(1993-1998).
Founder, Solo Practitioners Lunch Group (1992).
Member, Montana Criminal Procedure Commission (1987-1990)(revised criminal procedure code).
Board Member, Institute for Peace Studies, Rocky Mountain College, Billings, MT (1990-2001).
Board Member, Jeannette Rankin Peace Center (co-founder and board member, 1985-88, 1999-2001).
Chair, Missoula Design Review Board (appointed by City Council and selected as chair by members)(1979-1984).
Visitor, Pennsylvania Prison Society (1974-76).
1018 W. Cliveden St., Philadelphia, PA 19119
215-849-9165
jamestranney@post.harvard.edu; www.globalconstitutionforum.org.
………………………………………………………………………………………………
John R. Ewbank
John R. Ewbank is an 89 year old Intellectual Property attorney who continues to prosecute patent applications. At 21 he was in the upper 1% among those taking the Indiana Bar Examination in the summer of 1937. His disdain for the "tax guidance" industry, and his recognition that tax reform was futile, prompted his interest in world federalism as a ratifiable drastic transformation simplifying taxation. He and his wife were officers of the Peace Now Movement which campaigned to end WWII through a reconciling federation. He was an officer in the Fellowship for Intentional Communities, and for 54 years active in the voluntarist community having a website at www.bryn gweled.org.. More than six decades of activity in various Supra-National Federation advocacy groups. He and his wife have been the unpaid officers and staff of Home Rule Globally having a website at www.comcast.net\~decentralist including an essay on SCUTTLE THE POLITICIANS.
/s John R. Ewbank, Esq. ,Home Rule Globally, 1150 Woods Road, Southampton PA 18966-4545
TEL: 215-357-3977 , FAX: 215-322-2673E-Mail:john.1916@yahoo.com Web: http://home.comcast.net/~home.rule.globally/.
…………………………………………………………………………………..
Dr. Joseph Preston Baratta
Joseph P. Baratta, Ph. D. is an Associate Professor, History and Political Science Department of Worcester State College.
Associate ProfessorHistory and Political Science DepartmentWorcester State College486 Chandler StreetWorcester, MA 01602-2597508-929-8632 Office508-929-8155 Fax
………………………………………………………………………………………………
Kenneth Kostyo
Is an international corporate lawyer. He has a LL.M. degree in trade and WTO law from the University of Amsterdam. He is currently working with an international group of activists and academics to create a transnational NGO for the promotion of global democracy.
………………………………………………………………………………………………
Dr. Klaus Schlichtmann
Dr. Klaus SchlichtmannNihon University, College of Lawhome: Nakakayama 452-35, Hidaka-citySaitama-ken, 350-1232 JAPANphone&fax: +81-429-892966e-mail: KSchlichtmann@law.email.ne.jp………………………………………………………………………………………………
Dr. Maria-Suzette Fernandes-Dias
Dr Maria Suzette Fernandes-Dias is a linguist and postcolonial theorist based at The Australian National University. She coordinates research andscholarly activities of the Centre for Cross-Cultural Research, pursuesher own research and convenes conferences relating to her areas ofresearch.In 2005, she convened the conference, "Legacies of Slavery: ComparativePerspectives" at the CCR and co-convened another interdisciplinaryinternational conference "Negotiating the Sacred II: Blasphemy andSacrilege in the Arts" with Dr. Elizabeth Coleman (La Trobe University).She is currently working with Dr. Coleman and Dr White on the organisationof "Religion, Medicine and the Body", a conference to be held in Nov 2006.In 2003-2004, Maria-Suzette worked with Mandy Thomas and later withChristine Inglis, on the Australia Research Council Special ResearchInitiative application to establish a Research Network for MigrationResearch. She also assisted renowned cultural anthropologist Prof. HowardMorphy, to prepare material for the anthropologist's report for the BlueMud Bay Native Claim.Prior to her relocation to Canberra in Dec. 2002, she completed adoctorate in French (Post-colonial consciousness: a comparative study ofthe works of Salman Rushdie and Tahar Ben Jelloun) from the University ofGoa, India (awarded in 2003). She also holds a Masters degree in Frenchand Francophone literature besides a Masters in tertiary education andspecialisation in the teaching of French from the Alliance Française,Paris and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Paris. From 1998 to2002, she worked as the educational and cultural coordinator of Alliancefrançaise de Goa and from 1998-2000, taught comparative literature,linguistics and francophone literature to post-graduate students, at theFaculty of Arts, School of Languages, University of Goa. During herappointment at the Alliance Française de Goa, she managed the AF ArtGallery. An experienced bilingual translator and interpreter, she alsofounded a Translation Cell providing legal, scientific and literarytranslation services and served as an interpreter during legal proceedingsand port-call visits by the French Navy.Over the years, Maria-Suzette has written and published articles fordiverse readership and has won a few literary awards like the Victor-HugoBicentenary Award (2002), Ford Foundation Campus Diversity Award (1996),OHeraldo Award for Children's literature (1989), Vidya Award (1995 &1996). She also founded and edited a French magazine "Goa à Gogo", untilDec. 2002.In 2003, Maria-Suzette anchored the French weekly programme for theAustralian Capital Territory's Multicultural radio FM and provided inputfor the Indo-Asian news-service as an overseas correspondent.
Centre for Cross-Cultural ResearchThe Australian National UniversityACTON ACT - 0200Tel: + 61 2 6125 9879Fax: + 61 2 62480054
………………………………………………………………………………………………

Otfried Schrot
Lieutenant Colonel (retired), German Air Force.1965 - 1968 Staff Officer in Headquarters Allied Forces Central Europe in Fontainebleau / France and Brunssum / The Netherlands
1968 - 1969 Aide-de-Camp of the Chief of Staff, German Air Force , Lieutenant General Johannes Steinhoff in the West German Ministry of Defence, Bonn
1969 - 1971 Studies of management at the German Air Force Technical Academy in Munich/ West Germany
1972 - 1983 Liaison Officer of the German Army to the Commander in Chief, United States Army Europe in Heidelberg / West Germany
Retired in 1995.
Temporary member of the German Liberal Party (Freie Demokratische Partei)
Temporary member of the World Federalist Movement, and the World Constitution and Parliament Association, corresponding member of the Coalition for Democratic World Government.
………………………………………………………………………………………………
RANJANA FERRĂO
B.Sc, LL.M . Lecturer at V.M. Salgaocar College of Law , Goa.
………………………………………………………………………………………………
Sairam Bhat
B.Com, LL.M is presently Coordinator and Lecturer-in-Law at the G R Kare College of Law, Margao, Goa. Prior to joining the Kare Law College, he was Assistant Professor at the Hidyatullah National Law University and National Law School of India University, Bangalore. Specialized in Environmental Law, he has worked extensively in that subject. He was awarded the Ford Foundation Environmental Law Fellowship at Stanford University, USA for the Fall 2003. He is currently pursuing his Ph D with the University of Mysore.
E: Mail: bhatsairam@lycos.com.
………………………………………………………………………………………………
Dr. T.R. Subramanya
M.A., LL.M., M.Phil., Ph.D (JNU), Professor of Law, Post Gradate Dept of Studies in Law and University Law College, Bangalore University, INDIA. Formerly Legal Adviser to the Govt. of Bahrain
………………………………………………………………………………………………
Troy Davis
Troy Davis, democracy engineer, troydavis@post.harvard.edu
President, World Citizen Foundation/Fondation des Citoyens du Monde (www.worldcitizen.org)
Président, Association de soutien à l’Ecole de la Démocratie (www.ecoledelademocratie.org)
………………………………………………………………………………………………
Vishwanath.M
Lecturer, University College of Law, Karnatak University, Dharwad.
………………………………………………………………………………………………

Tuesday, April 04, 2006

Books

WORLD CONSTITUTIOANALISM
New Book to be Released In June 2006
ISMILDA RESEARCH CONSULTANCY

Interested publishers/distributors may contact
ismilda@sify.com

Objectives of the Book
To motivate a debate on world order.
To conceive a design for world order under the label of World Constitutionalism.
To advocate the development of World Constitutionalism as an academic subject.
To develop jurisprudence for World Constitutionalism.
To identify concepts for World Constitutionalism.
To identify values for World Constitutionalism.
To identify principles for World Constitutionalism

CONTENTS
As on 1 April 2006.
N.B. Five more contributions are expected from Academicians from Indian Universities.


Foreword

Acknowledgement

List of Contributors

World Constitutionalism
Dr. Carmo D’Souza

Politics of Opportunity
Hank Stone

Some Thoughts on UNESCO and Reform of the United Nations
Ian Anderson

Global Democracy or Global Enlightened Despotism?
Fernando A. Iglesias

Constitutionalism in the United States of America and Abroad
Dr. Joseph Preston Baratta

Neighborhood discussions about global constitutions might hopefully invent gimmicks that could be blended into a ratifiable constitution for a Supra-National Federation
John R. Ewbank

Planetary Humanism
Carl Coon

Proposal For A New Vision And Strategy of Global Democracy
Troy Davis

The Internet And The First Steps Towards A World Constitution
Otfried Schrot

World Healing
Dr. Doug. N. Everingham

The Kingdom of Bahrain: The Pearl of the Arabian Gulf.
Dr. T.R. Subramanya

Justice, Peace and Equality
Dr. Fatima Mascarenhas e Noronha

Environmental Sovereignty: Dilution of National Boundaries. A Case for World Constitution
Sairam Bhat

HOW WORLD FEDERALISM WILL LIKELY COME INTO EXISTENCE
James T. Ranney

Has Indian Negotiating Power, to Achieve an International Order Based on Justice and the Rule of Law, Increased since the 1998 Nuclear Tests?
Dr. Klaus Schlichtmann

Human Rights in the Age of Globalisation: Some Thoughts
Dr.Maria-Suzette Fernandes-Dias

SECTION II
THESIS AND BOOKS
SYNOPSIS


N.B. Six more contributions are expected

The Politics of World Federation
Dr. Joseph Preston Baratta

The Politics of World Federation
Achievements
Dr. Joseph Preston Baratta

Asian Works on World Federalism
Dr. Joseph P. Baratta

Towards a World Constitution
Dr. Carmo D’Souza

Concepts in Law
Dr. Carmo D’Souza


LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

N. B.
Biodata of contributors is incomplete.
List as on 1 April , 2006
List will be put in alphabetical order.
Five more contributions are expected from Academicians from Indian Universities.

Hank Stone
Hank Stone is a retired technical specialist from Xerox Corporation. He lives with his wife in Ionia, outside Rochester, NY. He is president of the Coalition for Democratic World Government (CDWG)(http://www.cdwg.org/), and a member of several peace and environmental organizations. You are invited to visit his website at www.c-u-e.org.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
Ian Anderson
Ian Anderson retired as a Director of the of the Australian National University Centre for UNESCO from 31 December 2005 and presently continues as a Centre Visitor. He has been at the Centre since September 2000 and took over as Director since 30 October, 2001. Before joining the Centre, Mr Anderson worked in the Secretariat of the Australian National Commission for UNESCO between 1983 and 2000. He spent periods in the Secretariat as an education and then a science program officer and was for a time program coordinator, before being appointed Secretary-General of the National Commission in 1997. He retired as Secretary-General in 2000. He has qualifications in education and agricultural science.
Mr Ian Anderson
T: 6125 2890
E: ian.anderson@anu.edu.au
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Fernando A. Iglesias
Fernando A. Iglesias (48) is a Writer and Journalist specialized in the political aspects of Globalization . He holds Argentine, Spanish and Italian citizenship, a Human Rights activist against Argentine dictatorship. He is a member of the core team of the Coalition for a World Parliament and Global Democracy. He is a Graduate of the ARD program at the Universidad de Lomas de Zamora (Social Sciences University) and Graduate in Journalism (TEA). He speaks Spanish, Italian, English, French, and Portuguese. Currently he is Free-lance correspondent in Buenos Aires for Sky-TV and RAI3 (Italy). Professor at the Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad de Lomas de Zamora. Columnist for "Clarín (Ñ)", "La Nación (Enfoques)", "Diario Ciudadano", "23", "23 Internacional" and "Noticias". He has published articles in several reputed Magazines in Italy, France, Argentina, Germany , Switzerland, etc. He attended conferences and workshops on Global Democracy in several parts of the world. He has published books among them: 1. "República de la Tierra-Globalización: el fin de las Modernidades Nacionales", (Republic of Earth- Globalization: The end of National Modernities) Spanish, essay, 438 pages, 2000, published by Editorial Colihue, Buenos Aires; 2. "Twin Towers: el colapso de los estados nacionales", (Twin Towers- The collapse of National States) Spanish, essay, 200 pages, 2002, published by Edicions Bellaterra, Barcelona; 3. "Twin Towers: Collapse", in "9/11 Anthlogy-Unveiling the real terrorist mind" antologhy in English published by Xlibris, United States, with Noam Chomsky, Mumia Abu Jamal, Howard Zinn and Michael Parenti; 4. "¿Què significa hoy ser de Izquierda? – Reflexiones sobre la Democracia en los tiempos de la Globalización" (What does it mean being Leftist today? – Some reflexions on Democracy in the times of Globalization) Spanish, collection of essays, 250 pages, 2004, published by Editorial Sudamericana, Buenos Aires.
He has unpublished works including "On Democracy in the Country of World", English, collection of essays, 180 pages, 2004 and "Ten Global Laws on Globalization- a Copernican revolution in human affairs", English, essay, 522 pages, unfinished.

Defensa 1354 2º 9 (1143)
Buenos Aires Argentina, +5411-4361-7429, +54911-5509-4637
E-mail: fernandoi@ciudad.com.ar
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Dr. Joseph Preston Baratta
Joseph P. Baratta, Ph. D. is an Associate Professor, History and Political Science Department of Worcester State College.

Associate ProfessorHistory and Political Science Department
Worcester State College
486 Chandler Street
Worcester, MA 01602-2597
508-929-8632 Office
508-929-8155 Fax
………………………………………………………………………………………………
John R. Ewbank
John R. Ewbank is an 89 year old Intellectual Property attorney who continues to prosecute patent applications. At 21 he was in the upper 1% among those taking the Indiana Bar Examination in the summer of 1937. His disdain for the "tax guidance" industry, and his recognition that tax reform was futile, prompted his interest in world federalism as a ratifiable drastic transformation simplifying taxation. He and his wife were officers of the Peace Now Movement which campaigned to end WWII through a reconciling federation. He was an officer in the Fellowship for Intentional Communities, and for 54 years active in the voluntarist community having a website at http://www.bryn/ gweled.org.. More than six decades of activity in various Supra-National Federation advocacy groups. He and his wife have been the unpaid officers and staff of Home Rule Globally having a website at http://www.comcast.net/~decentralist including an essay on SCUTTLE THE POLITICIANS.

John R. Ewbank, Esq. ,Home Rule Globally, 1150 Woods Road, Southampton PA 18966-4545
TEL: 215-357-3977 , FAX: 215-322-2673
E-Mail: Decentralist@comcast.net
Web: http://home.comcast.net/~home.rule.globally/.
…………………………………………………………………………………………..
Carl Coon
The author, Carleton S. Coon, Jr., is a retired US diplomat. He was the US Ambassador to Nepal from 1981 to 1984. He is presently the Vice President of the American Humanist Association. He lives in Washigton, DC.
………………………………………………………………………………….
Troy Davis
Troy Davis, democracy engineer, troydavis@post.harvard.edu
President, World Citizen Foundation/Fondation des Citoyens du Monde (http://www.worldcitizen.org/)
Président, Association de soutien à l’Ecole de la Démocratie (http://www.ecoledelademocratie.org/)
………………………………………………………………………………………………
Dr. Doug. N. Everingham MB, BS
Doug Everingham has practised in Australia and England as a hospital and family doctor and registrar in psychiatry. He was Australian Minister for Health 1972-75, Parliamentary Adviser to the Australian UN Delegation where he spoke on apartheid in 1982, and a member of the National Consultative Committee on Arms Control and Disarmament for the Department of Foreign Affairs & Trade 1999-2000.
Address: 5 Eriboll Close, Middle Park QLD 4074, Australia.
Tel. +61 7 3376 7763. Fax +61 7 3376 0763. E-mail:
……………………………………………………………………………………………
Dr. Fatima Mascarenhas e Noronha
Fatima Mascarenhas e Noronha graduated in literature and philosophy. Her MA thesis concerned Creatio ex nihilo and the Principal Upanishads (1980, University of Bombay), while her doctoral thesis was Towards a Personalistic Concept of Person (1986, University of Bombay). A committed proponent of gender equity, her articles have appeared in various regional and national publications in India, while her short stories have travelled to many corners of the English-speaking world.
........................................................................................................................................................
Dr. T.R. Subramanya
M.A., LL.M., M.Phil., Ph.D (JNU), Professor of Law, Post Gradate Dept of Studies in Law and University Law College, Bangalore University, INDIA. Formerly Legal Adviser to the Govt. of Bahrain
………………………………………………………………………………………………
Sairam Bhat
B.Com, LL.M, Coordinator, G R Kare College of Law, Margao. Goa. You may reach the author @bhatsairam@lycos.com.
.........................................................................................................................................................
Dr. Carmo D’Souza
M.Sc., B.Ed, LL.M., Ph.D.( Laws), Reader in Law at V.M. Salgaocar College of Law, Goa. Published books in Law and Fiction. Among his books on law include Legal System in Goa ( Vol. & II) (1994-95) , The Indian and Portuguese Constitutions: A Comparative Study (Vol. I) (2001). Towards a World Constitution (2003) and Concepts in Law (2004) . He is Hon. Director of Ismilda Research Constultancy.
..........................................................................................................................................................................
Dr. Anthony D’Souza
M.A. , LL.M., Ph.D. ( Laws). He is an employee of Nationalised Bank and Hon. Director of Ismilda Research Consultancy. He edited the book Towards a World Constitution by Carmo D’Souza (2003)
................................................................................................................................................................
James T. Ranney,
Chair, Citizens for Global Solutions (Philadelphia Chapter); President, Global Constitution Forum; Attorney, Philadelphia; former Law Professor, University of Montana (taught seminar on "Law and World Peace," 1986 & 1987).

Dr. Klaus Schlichtmann

Dr. Klaus Schlichtmann
Nihon University, College of Law
home: Nakakayama 452-35, Hidaka-city
Saitama-ken, 350-1232 JAPAN
phone&fax: +81-429-892966
e-mail: KSchlichtmann@law.email.ne.jp
...............................................................................................................................................................
Dr. Maria-Suzette Fernandes-Dias

Centre for Cross-Cultural Research
The Australian National UniversityACTON ACT - 0200
Tel: + 61 2 6125 9879
Fax: + 61 2 62480054
.......................................................................................................................................................................
Otfried Schrot
Lieutenant Colonel (retired) , German Air Force.

Books

Books
WORLD CONSTITUTIOANALISM
New Book to be Released In June 2006
ISMILDA RESEARCH CONSULTANCY

Interested publishers/distributors may contact
ismilda@sify.com

Objectives of the Book
To motivate a debate on world order.
To conceive a design for world order under the label of World Constitutionalism.
To advocate the development of World Constitutionalism as an academic subject.
To develop jurisprudence for World Constitutionalism.
To identify concepts for World Constitutionalism.
To identify values for World Constitutionalism.
To identify principles for World Constitutionalism

CONTENTS
As on 1 April 2006.
N.B. Five more contributions are expected from Academicians from Indian Universities.


Foreword

Acknowledgement

List of Contributors

World Constitutionalism
Dr. Carmo D’Souza

Politics of Opportunity
Hank Stone

Some Thoughts on UNESCO and Reform of the United Nations
Ian Anderson

Global Democracy or Global Enlightened Despotism?
Fernando A. Iglesias

Constitutionalism in the United States of America and Abroad
Dr. Joseph Preston Baratta

Neighborhood discussions about global constitutions might hopefully invent gimmicks that could be blended into a ratifiable constitution for a Supra-National Federation
John R. Ewbank

Planetary Humanism
Carl Coon

Proposal For A New Vision And Strategy of Global Democracy
Troy Davis

The Internet And The First Steps Towards A World Constitution
Otfried Schrot

World Healing
Dr. Doug. N. Everingham

The Kingdom of Bahrain: The Pearl of the Arabian Gulf.
Dr. T.R. Subramanya

Justice, Peace and Equality
Dr. Fatima Mascarenhas e Noronha

Environmental Sovereignty: Dilution of National Boundaries. A Case for World Constitution
Sairam Bhat

HOW WORLD FEDERALISM WILL LIKELY COME INTO EXISTENCE
James T. Ranney

Has Indian Negotiating Power, to Achieve an International Order Based on Justice and the Rule of Law, Increased since the 1998 Nuclear Tests?
Dr. Klaus Schlichtmann

Human Rights in the Age of Globalisation: Some Thoughts
Dr.Maria-Suzette Fernandes-Dias

SECTION II
THESIS AND BOOKS
SYNOPSIS


N.B. Six more contributions are expected

The Politics of World Federation
Dr. Joseph Preston Baratta

The Politics of World Federation
Achievements
Dr. Joseph Preston Baratta

Asian Works on World Federalism
Dr. Joseph P. Baratta

Towards a World Constitution
Dr. Carmo D’Souza

Concepts in Law
Dr. Carmo D’Souza


LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

N. B.
Biodata of contributors is incomplete.
List as on 1 April , 2006
List will be put in alphabetical order.
Five more contributions are expected from Academicians from Indian Universities.

Hank Stone
Hank Stone is a retired technical specialist from Xerox Corporation. He lives with his wife in Ionia, outside Rochester, NY. He is president of the Coalition for Democratic World Government (CDWG)(www.cdwg.org), and a member of several peace and environmental organizations. You are invited to visit his website at www.c-u-e.org.
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
Ian Anderson
Ian Anderson retired as a Director of the of the Australian National University Centre for UNESCO from 31 December 2005 and presently continues as a Centre Visitor. He has been at the Centre since September 2000 and took over as Director since 30 October, 2001. Before joining the Centre, Mr Anderson worked in the Secretariat of the Australian National Commission for UNESCO between 1983 and 2000. He spent periods in the Secretariat as an education and then a science program officer and was for a time program coordinator, before being appointed Secretary-General of the National Commission in 1997. He retired as Secretary-General in 2000. He has qualifications in education and agricultural science.
Mr Ian Anderson
T: 6125 2890
E: ian.anderson@anu.edu.au
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Fernando A. Iglesias
Fernando A. Iglesias (48) is a Writer and Journalist specialized in the political aspects of Globalization . He holds Argentine, Spanish and Italian citizenship, a Human Rights activist against Argentine dictatorship. He is a member of the core team of the Coalition for a World Parliament and Global Democracy. He is a Graduate of the ARD program at the Universidad de Lomas de Zamora (Social Sciences University) and Graduate in Journalism (TEA). He speaks Spanish, Italian, English, French, and Portuguese. Currently he is Free-lance correspondent in Buenos Aires for Sky-TV and RAI3 (Italy). Professor at the Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad de Lomas de Zamora. Columnist for "Clarín (Ñ)", "La Nación (Enfoques)", "Diario Ciudadano", "23", "23 Internacional" and "Noticias". He has published articles in several reputed Magazines in Italy, France, Argentina, Germany , Switzerland, etc. He attended conferences and workshops on Global Democracy in several parts of the world. He has published books among them: 1. "República de la Tierra-Globalización: el fin de las Modernidades Nacionales", (Republic of Earth- Globalization: The end of National Modernities) Spanish, essay, 438 pages, 2000, published by Editorial Colihue, Buenos Aires; 2. "Twin Towers: el colapso de los estados nacionales", (Twin Towers- The collapse of National States) Spanish, essay, 200 pages, 2002, published by Edicions Bellaterra, Barcelona; 3. "Twin Towers: Collapse", in "9/11 Anthlogy-Unveiling the real terrorist mind" antologhy in English published by Xlibris, United States, with Noam Chomsky, Mumia Abu Jamal, Howard Zinn and Michael Parenti; 4. "¿Què significa hoy ser de Izquierda? – Reflexiones sobre la Democracia en los tiempos de la Globalización" (What does it mean being Leftist today? – Some reflexions on Democracy in the times of Globalization) Spanish, collection of essays, 250 pages, 2004, published by Editorial Sudamericana, Buenos Aires.
He has unpublished works including "On Democracy in the Country of World", English, collection of essays, 180 pages, 2004 and "Ten Global Laws on Globalization- a Copernican revolution in human affairs", English, essay, 522 pages, unfinished.

Defensa 1354 2º 9 (1143)
Buenos Aires Argentina, +5411-4361-7429, +54911-5509-4637
E-mail: fernandoi@ciudad.com.ar
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Dr. Joseph Preston Baratta
Joseph P. Baratta, Ph. D. is an Associate Professor, History and Political Science Department of Worcester State College.

Associate ProfessorHistory and Political Science Department
Worcester State College
486 Chandler Street
Worcester, MA 01602-2597
508-929-8632 Office
508-929-8155 Fax
………………………………………………………………………………………………
John R. Ewbank
John R. Ewbank is an 89 year old Intellectual Property attorney who continues to prosecute patent applications. At 21 he was in the upper 1% among those taking the Indiana Bar Examination in the summer of 1937. His disdain for the "tax guidance" industry, and his recognition that tax reform was futile, prompted his interest in world federalism as a ratifiable drastic transformation simplifying taxation. He and his wife were officers of the Peace Now Movement which campaigned to end WWII through a reconciling federation. He was an officer in the Fellowship for Intentional Communities, and for 54 years active in the voluntarist community having a website at www.bryn gweled.org.. More than six decades of activity in various Supra-National Federation advocacy groups. He and his wife have been the unpaid officers and staff of Home Rule Globally having a website at www.comcast.net\~decentralist including an essay on SCUTTLE THE POLITICIANS.

John R. Ewbank, Esq. ,Home Rule Globally, 1150 Woods Road, Southampton PA 18966-4545
TEL: 215-357-3977 , FAX: 215-322-2673
E-Mail: Decentralist@comcast.net
Web: http://home.comcast.net/~home.rule.globally/.
…………………………………………………………………………………………..
Carl Coon
The author, Carleton S. Coon, Jr., is a retired US diplomat. He was the US Ambassador to Nepal from 1981 to 1984. He is presently the Vice President of the American Humanist Association. He lives in Washigton, DC.
………………………………………………………………………………….
Troy Davis
Troy Davis, democracy engineer, troydavis@post.harvard.edu
President, World Citizen Foundation/Fondation des Citoyens du Monde (www.worldcitizen.org)
Président, Association de soutien à l’Ecole de la Démocratie (www.ecoledelademocratie.org)
………………………………………………………………………………………………
Dr. Doug. N. Everingham MB, BS
Doug Everingham has practised in Australia and England as a hospital and family doctor and registrar in psychiatry. He was Australian Minister for Health 1972-75, Parliamentary Adviser to the Australian UN Delegation where he spoke on apartheid in 1982, and a member of the National Consultative Committee on Arms Control and Disarmament for the Department of Foreign Affairs & Trade 1999-2000.
Address: 5 Eriboll Close, Middle Park QLD 4074, Australia.
Tel. +61 7 3376 7763. Fax +61 7 3376 0763. E-mail:
……………………………………………………………………………………………
Dr. Fatima Mascarenhas e Noronha
Fatima Mascarenhas e Noronha graduated in literature and philosophy. Her MA thesis concerned Creatio ex nihilo and the Principal Upanishads (1980, University of Bombay), while her doctoral thesis was Towards a Personalistic Concept of Person (1986, University of Bombay). A committed proponent of gender equity, her articles have appeared in various regional and national publications in India, while her short stories have travelled to many corners of the English-speaking world.
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Dr. T.R. Subramanya
M.A., LL.M., M.Phil., Ph.D (JNU), Professor of Law, Post Gradate Dept of Studies in Law and University Law College, Bangalore University, INDIA. Formerly Legal Adviser to the Govt. of Bahrain
………………………………………………………………………………………………
Sairam Bhat
B.Com, LL.M, Coordinator, G R Kare College of Law, Margao. Goa. You may reach the author @bhatsairam@lycos.com.
.........................................................................................................................................................
Dr. Carmo D’Souza
M.Sc., B.Ed, LL.M., Ph.D.( Laws), Reader in Law at V.M. Salgaocar College of Law, Goa. Published books in Law and Fiction. Among his books on law include Legal System in Goa ( Vol. & II) (1994-95) , The Indian and Portuguese Constitutions: A Comparative Study (Vol. I) (2001). Towards a World Constitution (2003) and Concepts in Law (2004) . He is Hon. Director of Ismilda Research Constultancy.
..........................................................................................................................................................................
Dr. Anthony D’Souza
M.A. , LL.M., Ph.D. ( Laws). He is an employee of Nationalised Bank and Hon. Director of Ismilda Research Consultancy. He edited the book Towards a World Constitution by Carmo D’Souza (2003)
................................................................................................................................................................
James T. Ranney,
Chair, Citizens for Global Solutions (Philadelphia Chapter); President, Global Constitution Forum; Attorney, Philadelphia; former Law Professor, University of Montana (taught seminar on "Law and World Peace," 1986 & 1987).

Dr. Klaus Schlichtmann

Dr. Klaus Schlichtmann
Nihon University, College of Law
home: Nakakayama 452-35, Hidaka-city
Saitama-ken, 350-1232 JAPAN
phone&fax: +81-429-892966
e-mail: KSchlichtmann@law.email.ne.jp
...............................................................................................................................................................
Dr. Maria-Suzette Fernandes-Dias

Centre for Cross-Cultural Research
The Australian National UniversityACTON ACT - 0200
Tel: + 61 2 6125 9879
Fax: + 61 2 62480054
.......................................................................................................................................................................
Otfried Schrot
Lieutenant Colonel (retired) , German Air Force.

Monday, June 13, 2005

Security Council Reforms

Security Council Reforms
Dr. Carmo D’Souza
(Reader in law)

On the sixtieth birthday of UN it is necessary to first applaud the organisations for some of its achievements. On the other hand we must give a thought for its reforms to strengthen it to meet the needs of the future world. The following article is based on the suggestions made by the author on the book Towards a World Constitution ( 2003).


A Road Map:
A road map seems to be a fashionable device to suggest reforms in this twenty-first century. It is suitable especially when one realises that it is not possible to bring in drastic or radical reforms. It implies that one accepts the present situation while indicating that in course of time , the situation gradually has to improve for the better.

There are several reasons why UN should opt for a Road Map. The first realisation that dawns on the present generation is that it is not possible to overhaul the UN completely though that would have been the ideal . The history of world power politics and UN will explain why those structures were accepted. Powerful nations got a favourable position in the UN structure , which though appears unsuitable as a principle, was part of the needs of the political situation of the times. That was the assumption for the stability of UN. Though global changes have taken place, the same scheme continues today. So at this juncture drastic reforms may set the process of self-destruction in the UN. Therefore there is a need for balancing stability and continuation of UN with the need to bring gradual reform. One has to be cautious not to dismantle the organization as there are several advantages already built and in failure of alternatives that could be the best way forward. The advantage of a road map is that it has a programme of how to progress ahead. The future generations may not laugh at us saying that we foolishly accepted undemocratic approach as regards international power politics. The road map will set stages under which the metamorphosis would take place within the UN without disturbing much of what has been achieved so far. Besides a road map can carry the vision and direction for the growth of UN in the future.

Passing/ Amending the Road Map
The General assembly of the UN could pass the Road Map in the form of amendment to the Charter under article 108 or as a decision of the General Assembly following procedure of Art. 18. To make the implementation of the Road Map, it could have a provision to say that to bring an amendment of the Road Map itself due to any eventuality, similar procedure as to the passing is to be followed.

Reforms in Security Council
The Security Council is perhaps the weakest and strongest component of the UN System. However, it is crucial that any changes in the Security Council, have to be carefully planned. Here are some measures that could be considered by the Road Map.
1. The present set of permanent members with a veto power could be maintained for a couple of more years . However more permanent members without a veto power should be added gradually. India , Brazil could find their rightful place. It is encouraging that India has dropped its demand for veto, as veto power would further complicate the future reforms.
2. The veto power is to be diluted gradually as per the plan in the road map. For instance say within the next two or three years it will be necessary at least two permanent members to exercise the veto. Next stage will be the need of three concurring votes for a veto, and so on till it is abolished totally. This is an acceptance of the past tutelage of the World by permanent members which has to disappear one day.
3. The road map should clearly specify the year by which all-permanent members will loose their mandate and the Security Council will be composed of merely elected members. Some formula for representation can be worked out.

The acceptance of Road Map will be a relief as it shows the acceptance of a New World order. As world power politics is unpredictable, as which country will be at the top of the world , this unpredictability can be best balanced by a fair and just international system.


Friday, May 20, 2005

History For Peace

History For Peace.

Sixty Years After The Atom Bomb

Sixty Years Down The Memory Lane.
Appeal to Historians and Historical Centres.
 Arrange conferences, Seminars, Paper Readings , talks etc. on the theme of Twenty-first Century Revaluation of War.
 It is not a subjective approach but an objective approach to History.
 Analysis is needed of the concepts of wars.
 How sometimes these concepts were manipulated in order to promote the interests of wars.
 Digging through the History of world order movements, their triumphs and failures.
 Resurrecting the real Heroes of Peace.
 How war strategies was devised in order to fool the people sometimes.
A objective study of this nature may help mankind to draw lessons from History.



Thursday, May 19, 2005

The Torch of Power

The Torch Of Power

In the second millenium, all the deities, monsters and others ruling the various seas of the world met at an international conclave. Their aim was to protect the seas from human over exploitation, pollution and so on. As it was not possible any longer for them to control the affairs of the sea, after the age of inventions and discoveries, they thought of abdicating their powers to human race itself.

“Adamastor”, the monster who was managing the Cape of Good Hope said, “ Let us hand over the torch of power to one nation and ask it to evolve a system beneficial to all mankind”. All agreed and by consensus it was decided to do so.

There was a fine engraving on the torch. It had the period within which the nation holding the torch was to hold power over the world. There was a recommendation too for the use of power. The holder was to establish and develop and foster a regime, that was just to all mankind so that when the power went out of its hand it would still have a place in the world order.

The deities watched the struggle of humanity against the seas. Then Adamastor said, “ I think the Portuguese deserve the torch”. So the Torch of Power was handed over to the Portuguese.

The Portuguese experienced the delirium of power. The nation was drunk. Poet sang the glories. They tried hard to establish their own world order. But their vision was not wide enough to reach all the boundaries of the world. They had some narrow selfish personal interests as well as national ones that clouded the interest of the humanity. It was sixteenth century. However there were exception too. Some progress too was achieved. The world after discoveries became different. Thus with exploitation some achievements too were made. But the Portuguese had failed to develop an unjust system. Not all he Portuguese were blind with power. For instance there was a practical soldier Diogo Couto ( Soldado Pratico) who warned his King and the Nation. But no one was ready to hear the pessimists. So the Portuguese dreamily continued with the taste of power even a century after the flame was put off. Faced with reverse they cried horse against the European neighbours who were depriving them of space in the grand Sea Empire.

Next, the deities, monsters and others handed over the torch to the Dutch. They had a beautiful academician with fair ideas called Hugo Grotius. But the taste of power blinded them , so that they forgot about the just and fair international regime. When the flame was extinguished, they had not accomplished the required objective.

The torch was passed to the British. It was an Empire where the sun never sets. From one island to another island across the seas. The race was made of able administrators. But they too failed to promote the interest of humanity. Believing on their classical Austin, they hoisted their sovereign to take care of all possible eventualities. But when the period was over and the flame extinguished, they too were found wanting. However inspite of loosing power the glitter in the crown continued with nominal sparkle. The hoisted sovereignty could not save the world order.

In the twentieth century , the deities, monsters and others met on a conclave. “ Let us hand over power to two nations. The bipolar system may work”, said Adamastor.

The Torch of Power was handed over to two nations. United States and Soviet Union were the lucky ones . However the two developed cold feet. They wasted time on contradicting each other. They made chess board moves. Nothing much was achieved on the international field inspite of the threat of a World War III. The deities extinguished the flame of Soviet Union , as the allotted period for that country had come to an end.

At the third millenium, by sheer luck the torch remained with America. Something tragic happened that awoke some of the American thinkers to the just world order. Not that there were no such voices earlier. The element of justice and fair play was the basis for the multiracial American community. It was an intrinsic part of their being , the foundation of their democracy and independence. But the national government itself seemed unmoved. Would US work to foster a just order in the world? Would it foster a New World order so that the Nation would find place when the torch would be taken away? .

As every one looked with anxiety and frustration a bird flew with and olive branch. It was in the person of Kofi. Would the world rally round him? Was the torch going to be passed to UN? Would US take advantage of the opportunity ?

Saturday, May 14, 2005

Song of Peace

Songs For Peace

People For Peace

 Sixty Years back the Atom Bomb landed sending in a chain reaction- a radiation across the planet earth .
 It sent negative waves of fear, hatred and exploitation across the globe.
 That negative message still carries on.
 It has to be countered by positive waves.
 During 2005-2006 let peace songs be sung at various schools, educational institutions, clubs, and religious association across the globe.
 Let such songs in various languages resound with a common message, i.e. the message of the Heart.
 Let the songs draw strength from various cultures, philosophies, traditions etc. which existed in ancient or modern times rooted in the theme of peace.



Friday, May 13, 2005

Books

Sixty Years After The Atom Bomb

 Form groups and associations whether formal or informal called People for Peace.
 The groups may have a twin objective of building Peace in the World and to bring about the process of just, fair New World Order.
 Devote 2005 –2006 as the Year for Peace.
 Peace has to be developed within oneself, within a community, within a nation, and the World as a whole.
 For above one may have to learn or teach others methods for developing peace within oneself.
 Some of the values could be :
1. Respect to Human Rights
2. Commitment to World Peace and Harmony
3. Principle of Rule of Law
4. Principle of Justice
5. Principle of Humane Democracy
6. Alleviation of Poverty.


Programmes

Hold programmes that come to your mind.
The more innovative and creative , the better it is.

 Essays, articles, poems, talks , on topic of peace.
 Plays, skits, songs, musical shows.
 Hold games , sports etc for Peace.
 E-mail messages to your friends.
 Paint faces wear T shirts
 Hold prayer meetings , etc.

Believe it. You can change the World. You have the moral force within you.






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